The information on this page is to give you an insight on what a competent person has to comply with regarding HSE guidelines.
HSEG85 Electricity at Work safe working practices gives detailed guidance on devising safe working practices for people who carry out work on or near electrical equipment.
For more information download the Electricity At Work pdf from the HSE website
This is a GS38 approved voltage tester. It is quite different from a multi-meter as it is impossible to switch this unit off and it is impossible to have it on the incorrect setting. Some of these voltage testers now incorporate a self-test feature which means that you do not need a proving unit to confirm the tester is working.
Whenever you use a voltage tester like this it is essential to test it before and after use to ensure that it is working 100%.
Neon screwdrivers, non-contact voltage testers and multi-meters should not be used for testing for dead as they can be unreliable. Although, it is unlikely that someone who wants to replace a light switch or a socket will go out and spend £40+ on a dedicated voltage tester, where it is practicable, any kind of test is better than no test at all. Many believe that the better choice of tester to be used should be a non-contact voltage tester. If you have any doubt that you have isolated the correct circuit then switch off the consumer unit.
This is a proving unit. If your voltage tester does not have a self-test feature you need to prove that your voltage tester is working after you have tested for dead. This can often be difficult as you have just isolated the circuit and testing a known live circuit means that you often have to locate another live circuit so a proving unit is used to confirm that your tester is working. These units are often expensive and so it often works out much cheaper to buy a GS38 approved voltage tester with a built in test function.
Here we have a faulty socket that requires repairing. As you can see there is a socket tester plugged into the socket but you cannot trust this for testing for dead as there is a chance that the socket tester will stop working at some point.
Locate the appropriate MCB in the consumer unit and then switch it off.
It is important to make certain that nobody can restore the power when you are working on the circuit so it must be locked off using an appropriate locking off device. When the circuit is locked off ensure that you keep hold of the key!
If you have a fuse box you will need to remove the fuse to the circuit. Most fuses will be labeled up, so you can switch off the consumer unit and remove the fuse to the circuit that you are working on. You should keep the fuse on your possession so that nobody can restore the power to the circuit that you are working on. A sign should also be placed on the consumer unit warning people that you are working on the circuit.
Now you will notice that the socket tester is no longer illuminated, but the tester could be faulty so before touching any potentially live parts you need to test using the GS38 approved voltage tester.
Before using the tester confirm it is working by either using the self-test function, testing it on a known live source or by using a proving unit.
If the test was successful on the tester, you can remove the fixing screws from the socket, and perform the test to confirm that there is no voltage present at the terminals at the socket.
If the test was successful and the tester did not find any voltage you just need to test the tester is working again by either using the self-test function or by using the proving unit.
Then you can repair the faulty socket. If in any doubt at all, contact a competent person in your area